50% Discount for Old Students of SHARPSHOOTERS
NDA(I) 2020 19TH APRIL
***(PostPONEDED DUE TO COVID19)
Will Update The Exam Dates Soon
CRASH COURSE
SL NO.  DATE  FEES* (Rs.)  DURATION  TIME 
1.  15Jun–2020 To 15Aug2020 
10000/  60 Days 

2.  20June.2019 To 20AUG.2019 
10000/
 60 Dyas 

Note: – * Above Fee is Including GST – 18%.
SL NO.  FEES (Rs.)  DURATION  TIME 
1.  22000  60 Days  0900h – 1600h 
2.  22000  45 Dyas  0900h – 1700h 
Note: – * Above Fee is Including GST – 18%.
new BATCH WILL COMMENCE ON 1^{st} & 15^{th} OF EVERY MONTH
PAPER  ONLINE FORM AVAILABLE  DATE OF EXAMINATION 
NDA – I 
 19 Apr 2020 
NDA – II 
 6 sept 2020 
SUBJECTS
PAPERI (MATHS)  PAPERII (GENERAL ABILITY) 
Algebra  Biology 
Matrices and Determinants  Chemistry 
Trigonometry  Physics 
Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions  History 
Differential Calculus  Civics 
Integral Calculus and Differential Equations  Geography 
Vector Algebra  English 
Statistics and Probability  Current Affairs 
Subject  Paper  Total No of Questions  Duration of Exam  Maximum Marks 
Mathematics  1  120  2 ½ Hours  300 
General Ability Test  2  150  2 ½ Hours  600 
Total  —  270  —  900 
Second Round  Duration  Maximum Marks 
SSB Interview  5 days  900 
Note : We give specialised training for SSB interview.
Chapter wise NDA Maths Paper Pattern and Analysis
Maths
S.NO.  Chapter  NO. OF QUESTIONS 2016 l  NO. OF QUESTIONS 2015 ll  NO. OF QUESTIONS 2015l  NO. OF QUESTIONS 2014ll 
1  Set theory  01  02  03  08 
2  Relations and Functions  08  06  06  01 
3  Complex number  07  03  06  03 
4  Binary number  01  01  02  01 
5  Sequence and Series  02  04  02  04 
6  Quadratic Equations and inequality  06  03  04  03 
7  Permutation and Combination  03  05  02  02 
8  Binomial Theorem  01  05  05  05 
9  Logarithm  01  01  –  01 
10  Matrices  01  02  05  05 
11  Determinants  05  06  03  04 
12  Measurments trigonometric ratio  06  04  05  10 
13  Inverse trigonometric function  02  02  04  01 
14  Height and distance  –  02  02  01 
15  Properties of triangles  –  03  01  02 
16  Coordinate system and straight line  10  06  08  03 
17  Circle  05  02  –  02 
18  Conic section  –  02  02  02 
19  3 D geometry  03  07  08  11 
20  Limits, continuity and differentiability  08  07  08  07 
21  Differentiation  07  03  06  05 
22  Application of derivatives  08  07  05  01 
23  Indefinite integrals  01  03  04  04 
24  Definite integrals  07  06  04  06 
25  Areas bounded regions  06  01  04  03 
26  Differential equations  01  04  04  02 
27  Vector algebra  05  09  07  10 
28  Statics  06  03  07  05 
29  Probability  10  11  08  06 
30  Miscellaneous  –  –  –  02 
 Total  120  120  120  120 
English
S.NO.  TOPICS  NO. OF QUESTIONS 2016 l  NO. OF QUESTIONS 2015 ll  NO. OF QUESTIONS 2015l  NO. OF QUESTIONS 2014ll 
1  JUMBLED SENTENCES AND PERAGHRAPHS  –  06  06  – 
2  ANTONYMS  11  05  04  10 
3  SYNONYMS  10  05  04  10 
4  SPOTTING ERRORS  10  9  15  10 
5  CLOZE TEST  –  –  06  – 
6  SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT  10  10  15  10 
7  READING COMPREHENSION (PASSAGES)  –  –  –  – 
8  FILLERS  9  15  –  10 
 TOTAL  50  50  50  50 
General Knowledge
S.NO.  TOPICS  NO. OF QUESTIONS 2016 l  NO. OF QUESTIONS 2015 ll  NO. OF QUESTIONS 2015l  NO. OF QUESTIONS 2014ll 
1  History  09  12  13  14 
2  Geography  20  19  16  16 
3  Polity  08  06  05  01 
4  Economy  06  06  04  04 
5  GK  02  09  12  11 
 Total  45  52  50  50 
S.NO.  TOPICS  NO. OF Q. 2016 l  NO. OF Q. 2015ll  NO. OF Q. 2015l  NO. OF Q. 2014ll 
1  Measurement Motion and Force  05  06  01  06 
2  Work Energy and Power  –  –  02  – 
3  Centre of Mass and Rotational Motion  –  –  –  – 
4  Gravitation  04  01  03  02 
5  General properties of matter  –  01  03  02 
6  Heat and kinetic theory of gases  02  03  –  02 
7  Thermodynamics  04  03  01  02 
8  Optics  03  03  05  05 
9  Oscillation and waves  –  01  01  – 
10  Electrostatics  –  –  –  – 
11  Current electricity  04  01  03  – 
12  Magnetism of electric current and magnetism  –  02  01  03 
13  Nucleus and radio activity  02  –  –  – 
14  modern physics  –  02  –  02 
 Total  24  23  20  24 
Chemistry:
S.NO.  TOPICS  NO. OF Q. 2016 l  NO. OF Q. 2015 ll  NO. OF Q. 2015l  NO. OF Q. 2014ll 
1  Physical and chemical change  01  –  –  01 
2  Elements mixture and compound  03  —  –  01 
3  Laws and chemical combination  –  01  –  – 
4  Concept of atomic molecules  01  –  –  03 
5  Atomic structure and radio activity  01  01  –  02 
6  Parodic classification of elements  –  03  01  – 
7  Chemical bonding  01  –  01  02 
8  Acid basis and salts  03  02  01  01 
9  Oxidation reduction electro chemistry  02  –  01  01 
10  Nonmetals and their compounds  09  03  06  02 
11  Some important chemical compounds  02  01  06  02 
 Total  23  12  16  15 
BIOLOGY:
S.NO.  TOPICS  NO. OF Q. 2016 l  NO. OF Q. 2015 ll  NO. OF Q. 2015l  NO. OF Q. 2014ll 
1  Diversity in living world  02  03  –  01 
2  Cell and cell division  01  —  01  03 
3  Constituents of food (bio molecules)  01  01  01  02 
4  Structural organisation of plants and animals  01  01  –  – 
5  Plants physiology reproduction  –  01  04  – 
6  Human system – 1^{st}  –  02  03  03 
7  Human system 2^{nd}  –  –  02  – 
8  Health and diseases  01  02  –  01 
9  Economic importance of biology  –  01  –  – 
10  Ecology biodiversity and environment  02  02  01  01 
 Total  08  13  12  11 
NDA Exam Syllabus Maths Test (Part 1), Exam Pattern
Maximum marks 300
Algebra
Matrices and Determinants
Trigonometry
Analytical Geometry of two and three dimensions
Differential Calculus
Integral Calculus and Differential Equations
Vector Algebra
Statistics and Probability
NDA Exam Syllabus General Ability Test (Part 2), Exam Pattern
NDA 2018 syllabus of General Ability Test has been categorized into two parts – English and General Knowledge. The part 2 i.e. General Knowledge is also five sections. Check the syllabus below.
· Part A: English – Maximum Marks 200
· Part B: General Knowledge – Maximum Marks: 400
Section A: Physics
Section B: Chemistry
Section C: General Science
Section D: History, Freedom Movement etc.
PART1
Math syllabus:
ALGEBRA:
 Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams.
 De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation.
 Representation of real numbers on a line.
 Complex numbers—basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity.
 Binary system of numbers.
 Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and viceversa.
 Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions.
 Quadratic equations with real coefficients.
 Solution of linear in equations of two variables by graphs.
 Permutation and Combination.
 Binomial theorem and its applications.
 Logarithms and their applications.
MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS:
 Types of matrices, operations on matrices.
 Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants.
 Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, ApplicationsSolution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.
TRIGONOMETRY:
 Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians.
 Trigonometrical ratios.
 Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae.
 Multiple and Submultiple angles.
 Inverse trigonometric functions.
 ApplicationsHeight and distance, properties of triangles.
ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY OF TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONS:
 Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula.
 Equation of a line in various forms.
 Angle between two lines.
 Distance of a point from a line.
 Equation of a circle in standard and in general form.
 Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola.
 Eccentricity and axis of a conic.
 Point in a threedimensional space, distance between two points.
 Direction Cosines and direction ratios.
 Equation two points.
 Direction Cosines and direction ratios.
 Equation of a plane and a line in various forms.
 Angle between two lines and angle between two planes.
 Equation of a sphere.
DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS:
 Concept of a real valued function–domain, range and graph of a function.
 Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions.
 Notion of limit, Standard limits—examples.
 Continuity of functions—examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions.
 Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative—applications.
 Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function.
 Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions.
 Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.
INTEGRAL CALCULUS AND DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS:
 Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions.
 Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves— applications. Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples.
 General and particular solution of a differential equations, solution of first order and firstdegree differential equations of various types—examples.
 Application in problems of growth and decay.
VECTOR ALGEBRA:
 Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector.
 Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors.
 Vector product or cross product of two vectors.
 Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.
STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY:
Statistics:
 Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution—examples.
 Graphical representation—Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon—examples.
 Measures of Central tendency—Mean, median and mode.
 Variance and standard deviation—determination and comparison.
 Correlation and regression.
Probability:
 Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events.
 Union and Intersection of events.
 Complementary, elementary and composite events.
 Definition of probability—classical and statistical— examples.
 Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems.
 Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems.
 Random variable as function on a sample space.
 Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.
In PaperI, Total questions of Mathematics are 120 for 300 marks and duration of exam is 21/2 Hours.
All questions will carry 2.5 marks each, which will only be allotted for choosing the correct answer. 1/3^{rd} Marks will be deducted for each incorrect answer.
PART2
General Ability Syllabus
The general ability section comprises of two parts which are mentioned below:
(A)
English: The English syllabus covers the topics like vocabulary, Grammar and usage, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.
(B)
General Knowledge:
The question paper comprises of general knowledge and covers the subjects that include Physics, Chemistry, Social Studies, General Science, Geography and Current Events.
Section A – Physics
Motion of objects, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Velocity and Acceleration, Power and Energy, Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments, Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses, Simple Pendulum. Simple Pulleys, Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer, Effects of Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat, Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses. Human Eye, Static and Current Electricity, Measurement of temperature and heat, conductors and Nonconductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of XRays.
Section B – Chemistry
Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and CarbonDioxide, Oxidation and Reduction, Material used in the preparation of substances like soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and GunPowder, Carbon – different forms, Physical and Chemical changes. Symbols, Formulas and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water, Acids, bases and salts, Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Fertilizers – Natural and Artificial, Elementary ideas about the Structure of Atom, Atomic, Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.
Section C – Biology
Basis of Life – Cells, Protoplasm’s and Tissues, Constituents of food, Balanced Diet, Achievements of Eminent Scientists, Difference between the living and nonliving, Elementary knowledge of human Body and its important organs, Food – Source of Energy for man, Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals, Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention, The Solar System – Meteors and Comets, Eclipses.
Section D – History (1015 questions)
Freedom Movement in India, Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation, Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India, Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration, Panchayati Raj, Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution, Impact of Science and Technology on Society, Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism, Cooperatives and Community Development, Role of India in the present world.
Section E – Geography (1520 questions)
Origin of Earth, Weathering – Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and volcanoes, Atmosphere and its composition, Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Rocks and their classification, Planetary Winds, cyclones and Anticyclones, Humidity, Condensation and Precipitation, Major Natural regions of the World, Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India, Types of Climate, The Earth, its shape and size, Lattitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time, International Date Line, Movements of Earth and their effects, Ocean Currents and Tides, Regional Geography of India – Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources, location and distribution of agricultural and industrial activities.
Section F – Indian polity (58 questions)
Section G – Economy (510 questions)
Section G– Current Events (1015 questions)
Current important world events, Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years, prominent personalities – both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports.
It is not compulsory that the topics mentioned above will surely come in the examination. The question paper does not remain consistent, it changes every year. It may happen that the question paper will consists of the topic not discussed here.
HOW TO APPLY FOR NDA
NDA written entrance examination is conducted by UPSC twice a year. Notification for the exam appears in all major national dailies in the month of Dec/Jan for the April exam and in the months of May/June for the September exam. The exam is held in the months of April and September. Candidates must apply to sit for the examination, online on the UPSC website after notification is released by UPS
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Tentative Vacancies Per Course  NDA : 339 (208 for Army, 39 for Navy and 92 for Air Force) or As notified from time to time.

Notification in Employment News/ leading daily news Paper/ UPSC website  Jun and Dec as Notified by UPSC 
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA  
Age  Between 16 ½ to 19 ½ years as on first day of the month in which course is due to commence. 
Qualification  (i) For Army Wing of National Defence Academy :—12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination conducted by a State Education Board or a University.
(ii) For Air Force and Naval Wings of National Defence Academy and for the 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme at the Indian Naval Academy :—12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent with Physics and Mathematics conducted by a State Education Board or a University.
Candidates who are appearing in the 12th Class under the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination can also apply for this examination. 
Sex  Male candidates only. Women cannot apply for NDA. 
Marital Status  Un Married 
Likely SSB Date  Sep to Oct and Jan to Apr 
Date Commencement of Training  Jan and Jul 
Training Academy  NDA , Khadakwasla, Pune 
Duration of Training  3 Yrs at NDA and 1 Yrs at IMA(For Army cadets)/ 3 Yrs at NDA and 1 Yrs at Naval Academy( for Naval cadets)/ 3 Yrs at NDA and 1 & ½ Yrs at AFA Hyderabad (For AF cadets) 
NDA EXAM PATTERN
NDA written exam is comprised of two tests. Duration of each test is two and a half hours and both are conducted on the same day, consecutively. Examination is set by the UPSC
.
Test/ Paper  Subject  Duration  Maximum Marks 
I  Mathematics  2 .5 hours  300 
II  General Ability Test  2.5 hours  600 
Total= 900 
SYLLABUS FOR NDA EXAMINATION
PAPERI MATHEMATICS (Code No. 01) (Maximum Marks300)
 ALGEBRA.
Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams. De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation.
Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers—basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers. Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and viceversa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its applications. Logarithms and their applications.
 MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS.
Types of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, ApplicationsSolution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.
 TRIGONOMETRY.
Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians. Trigonometrical ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Submultiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. ApplicationsHeight and distance, properties of triangles.
 ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY OF TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONS.
Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. Angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. Angle between two lines and angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.
 DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS .
Concept of a real valued function–domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits—examples. Continuity of functions—examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative—applications. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.
 INTEGRAL CALCULUS AND DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS.
Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals— determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves—applications.
Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equations, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.
 VECTOR ALGEBRA.
Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.
 STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY.
Statistics : Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution—examples. Graphical representation—Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon—examples. Measures of Central tendency—Mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation—determination and comparison. Correlation and regression.
Probability : Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical— examples. Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.
PAPERII GENERAL ABILITY TEST (Code No. 02) (Maximum Marks—600)
Part ‘A’—ENGLISH (Maximum Marks—200)
The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English and workman like use of words. The syllabus covers various aspects like : Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.
Part ‘B’—GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (Maximum Marks—400)
The question paper on General Knowledge will broadly cover the subjects : Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events.
The syllabus given below is designed to indicate the scope of these subjects included in this paper. The topics mentioned are not to be regarded as exhaustive and questions on topics of similar nature not specifically mentioned in the syllabus may also be asked. Candidate’s answers are expected to show their knowledge and intelligent understanding of the subject.
Section ‘A’ (Physics)
Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer.
Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy. Effects of Heat, Measurement of Temperature and Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat. Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye. Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet.
Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Nonconductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of XRays. General Principles in the working of the following:
Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses.
Section ‘B’ (Chemistry)
Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water.
Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbondioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon— different forms. Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial. Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and GunPowder. Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom, Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.
Section ‘C’ (General Science)
Difference between the living and nonliving. Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals. Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs. Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention.
Food—Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet. The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists
Section ‘D’ (History, Freedom Movement etc.)
A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation. Freedom Movement in India. Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration. Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India. Panchayati Raj, Cooperatives and Community Development. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.
Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world.
Section ‘E’ (Geography)
The Earth, its shape and size. Lattitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and their effects. Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anticyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate, Major Natural regions of the World. Regional Geography of India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities. Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India.
Section ‘F’ (Current Events)
Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years. Current important world events. Prominent personalities—both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports.
NOTE : Out of maximum marks assigned to part ‘B’ of this paper, questions on Sections ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’, ‘D’, ‘E’ and ‘F’ will carry approximately 25%, 15%, 10%, 20%, 20% and 10% weightages respectively.
.
RESULTS OF NDA EXAMINATION
UPSC declares the result of NDA written exam in 34 months after the written exam. The same can be viewed on the UPSC website. Being a competitive exam and there is no fixed cut off percentage for passing. Candidates who perform better are sent the call letters for SSB interviews. The final merit list is prepared after the SSB interviews final result and displayed on the UPSC website. Joining instructions are sent to students based on vacancies available as per the merit list.
GUIDELINES FOR PHYSICAL STANDARDS FOR ADMISSION TO THE NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY
NOTE: CANDIDATES MUST BE PHYSICALLY AND MENTALLY FIT ACCORDING TO THE PRESCRIBED PHYSICAL STANDARDS. MEDICAL FITNESS CRITERIA GIVEN BELOW ARE AS PER EXISTING GUIDELINES AS ON DATE OF PUBLICATION AND THESE GULIDELINES ARE SUBJECT TO REVISION.
A NUMBER OF QUALIFIED CANDIDATES ARE REJECTED SUBSEQUENTLY ON MEDICAL GROUNDS. CANDIDATES ARE THEREFORE ADVISED IN THEIR OWN INTEREST TO GET THEMSELVES MEDICALLY EXAMINED BEFORE SUBMITTING THEIR APPLICATIONS TO AVOID DISAPPOINTMENT AT THE FINAL STAGE.
Candidates are also advised to rectify minor defects/ailments in order to speed up finalisation of medical examination conducted at the Military Hospital after being recommended at the SSB.
Few of such commonly found defects/ailments are listed below :
(a) Wax (Ears)
(b) Deviated Nasal Septum
(c) Hydrocele/Phimosis
(d) Overweight/Underweight
(e) Under Sized Chest
(f) Piles
(g) Gynaecomastia
(h) Tonsillitis
(i) Varicocele
NOTE : Permanent body tattoos are only permitted on inner face of forearm i.e. from inside of elbow to the wrist and on the reverse side of palm/back (dorsal) side of hand/Permanent body tattoos on any other part of the body are not acceptable and candidates will be barred from further selection. Tribes with tattoo marks on the face or body as per their existing custom and traditions will be permitted on a case to case basis. Comdt Selection Centre will be competent auth for clearing such cases.
Civilian candidates appearing for all types of commission in the Armed Forces will be entitled to outpatients treatment from service sources at public expense for injuries sustained or diseases contracted during the course of their examination by the Selection Board. They will also be entitled to inpatient treatment at public expense in the Officer’s ward of a hospital provided—
(a) the injury is sustained during the tests or,
(b) the disease is contracted during the course of the examination by selection board and there is no suitable accommodation in local civil hospital or it is impracticable to remove the patient to the civil hospital; or,
(c) the medical board requires the candidate’s admission for observation.
NOTE: They are not entitled to special nursing.
A candidate recommended by the Services Selection Board will undergo a medical examination by a Board of Service Medical Officers. Only those candidates will be admitted to the academy who are declared fit by the Medical Board. The proceedings of the Medical Board are confidential and will not be divulged to anyone. However, the candidates declared unfit will be intimated by the President of the Medical Board and the procedure for request for an Appeal Medical Board will also be intimated to the candidate. Candidates declared unfit during Appeal Medical Board will be intimated about the provision of Review Medical Board.
(a) The candidate must be in good physical and mental health and free from any disease/disability which is likely to interfere with the efficient performance of Military duties.
(b) There should be no evidence of weak constitution, bodily defects or under weight. The Candidate should not be overweight or obese.
(c) The minimum acceptable height is 157 cms(162.5 cms. for Air Force). For Gorkhas and individuals belonging to hills of NorthEastern regions of India, Garhwal and Kumaon, the minimum acceptable heights will be 5 cms. less. In case of candidates from Lakshadweep the minimum acceptable height can be reduced by 2 cms. Height and weight standards are given below :
HEIGHT/WEIGHT STANDARDS FOR ARMY/AIR FORCE TABLEI
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
Height in Weight in Kgs.
Centimetres (Without shoes)
1617 1718 1819
years years years
________________________________________________________________________________________________
1 2 3 4
152 42.5 44.0 45.0
155 43.5 45.3 47.0
157 45.0 47.0 48.0
160 46.5 48.0 49.0
162 48.0 50.0 51.0
165 50.0 52.0 53.0
167 51.0 53.0 54.0
170 52.5 55.0 56.0
173 54.5 57.0 58.0
175 56.0 59.0 60.0
178 58.0 61.0 62.0
180 60.0 63.0 64.5
183 62.5 65.0 66.5
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
NOTE 1: Height relaxable upto 2.5 cm may be allowed where the Medical Board certifies that the candidate is likely to grow and come up to the required standard on completion of his training.
HEIGHT/WEIGHT STANDARDS FOR NAVY
TABLEII
________________________________________________________________________________________________
Height in Weight in Kgs.
Centimetres
(Without 16 18 20
shoes) years years years
________________________________________________________________________________________________
1 2 3 4
152 44 45 46
155 45 46 47
157 46 47 49
160 47 48 50
162 48 50 52
165 50 52 53
168 52 53 55
170 53 55 57
173 55 57 59
175 57 59 61
178 59 61 62
180 61 63 64
183 63 65 67
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
“Individual’s weight is considered normal if it is within ±10% departure from average weight given in the table I and II”. However, in individuals with heavy bones and broad build as well as individuals with thin build but otherwise healthy this may be relaxed to some extent on merit.
NOTE 1 : To meet special requirement as a pilot in the Air Force the acceptable measurements of leg length, thigh length and sitting height will be as under :
___________________________________________________________________________
Minimum Maximum
Leg Length 99.00 cms. 120.00 cms.
Thigh Length — 64.00 cms.
Sitting Height 81.50 cms. 96.00 cms.
________________________________________________________________________________________________
(d) Chest should be well developed. Fully expanded chest should not be less than 81 cms. The minimum range of expansion after full inspiration should be 5 cms. The measurement will be taken with a tape so adjusted that its lower edge should touch the nipple in front and the upper part of the tape should touch the lower angle of the shoulder blades behind. XRay of the chest is compulsory and will be taken to rule out any disease of the chest.
(e) There should be no maldevelopment or impairment of function of the bones or joint.
Spinal Conditions
(f) Past medical history of diseases or injury of the spine or sacro iliac joints, either with or without objective signs which have prevented the candidate from successfully following a physically active life, is a cause for rejection for commissioning in IAF. History of spinal fracture/prolapsed intervertebral disc and surgical treatment for these conditions will entail rejection. The following conditions detected radiologically during medical exam will disqualify a candidate for Air Force service:
(i) Granulomatous disease of spine
(ii) Arthritis/spondylosis — Rheumatoid arthritis and allied disorders — Ankylosing spondylitis — Osteoarthrosis, spondylosis and degenerative joint disease — Non articular rheumatism (e.g. lesions of the rotator cuff, tennis elbow, recurrent lumbago etc.) — Miscellaneous disorders including SLE, , polymyositis, vasculitis.
(iii) Spondylolisthesis/spondylolysis.
(iv) Compression fracture of vertebrae.
(v) Scheuerman’s disease (Adolescent kyphosis)
(vi) Loss of cervical lordosis when associated with clinically restricted movements of cervical spine.
(vii) Unilateral/Bilateral cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or circulatory deficit.
(viii) Scoliosis more than 15 degree as measured by Cobb’s method.
(ix) Degenerative Disc. Disease.
(x) Atlantooccipital and atlantoaxial anomalies.
(xi) Hemi vertebrae and/or incomplete block (fused) vertebrae at any level in cervical, dorsal or lumbar spine and complete block (fused) vertebrae at more than one level in cervical or dorsal spine.
(xii) Unilateral Sacralisation or lumbarisation (Complete or incomplete) at all levels and bilateral incomplete sacralisation or lumbarisation.
(xiii) Any other abnormality if so considered by the specialist.
(g) Mild Kyphosis or Lordosis where deformity is barely noticeable and there is no pain or restriction of movement will not preclude acceptance.
(h) In case of noticeable Scoliosis or suspicion of any other abnormality or spinal deformity, more than mild, appropriate Xrays of the spine are to be taken and the Examinee referred for specialist’s advice.
(i) The following conditions detected on Xray examination will be disqualifying for entry to Armed Forces : (i) Granulomatius disease of spine.
(ii) Arthritis/spondylosis
(iii) Scoliosis more than 15 degree as measured by Cobb’s Method (10 degree for Army and Navy).
(iv) More than mild Kyphosis/Lordosis
(v) Spondylolisthesis/Spondylosis/Spondylolysis
(vi) Herniated nucleus pulposes. (vii) Compression fracture of Vertebra.
(viii) Sacaralisation Disease
(ix) Cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or Circulatory deficit.
(x) Presence of Schmorl’s node at more than one level. (This serial be treated as deleted for Air Force candidates).
(xi) Atlantooccipital and atlantoaxial anomalies.
(xii) Incomplete Sacaralisation Unilateral or Bilateral
(xiii) Spina Bifida other than SV 1 and LV 5 if completely Sacralised
(xiv) Any other abnormality, if so considered by specialist.
(j) A candidate should have no past history of mental breakdown or fits.
(k) The hearing should be normal. A candidate should be able to hear a forced whisper with each ear at a distance of 610 cms. in a quiet room. There should be no evidence of present or past disease of the ear, nose and throat. Audiometric test will be done for AF. Audiometric hearing loss should not be greater than 20 db in frequencies between 250 and 8000 Hz. There is no impediment of speech.
(l) There should be no signs of functional or organic disease of the heart and blood vessels. Blood pressure should be normal.
(m) There should be no enlargement of liver or spleen. Any evidence of disease of internal organs of the abdomen will be a cause for rejection.
(n) Unoperated hernias will make a candidate unfit. In case of Hernia which has been operated, a minimum of one year must have passed prior to final medical examination before commencement of the course.
(o) There should be no hydrocele, varicocele or piles.
(p) Urine examination will be done and any abnormality if detected will be a cause for rejection.
(q) Any disease of skin which is likely to cause disability or disfigurement will also be a cause for rejection.
(r) Distance Vision (Corrected): Better Eye 6/6; Worse Eye 6/9. Myopia should not be more than 2.5D including astigmatism and manifest hypermetropia not more than +3.5D including Astigmatism. Internal examination of the eye will be done by means of ophthalmoscope to rule out any disease of the eye. A candidate must have good binocular vision. The Colour vision standard will be CPIII (Defective Safe). Candidates should be able to recognize white, signal red and signal green colours correctly as shown by Martin’s Lantern at a distance of 1.5 metre or read the requisite plate of Ishihara Book / Tokyo Medical College Book. Candidates who have undergone or have evidence for having undergone Radial Keratotomy, to improve the visual acuity will be permanently rejected for all the services. Candidates who have undergone Laser Surgery for correction of refractive error are also not acceptable to defence services.
Vision standard for Naval candidates
Uncorrected without glass 6/6, 6/9
Corrected with glass 6/6, 6/6
Limits of Myopia –0.75
Limits of Hypermetropia +1.5
Binocular vision III
Limits of colour perception I
Visual Standards for Air Force
Candidates who habitually wear spectacles are not eligible for Air Force, Minimum distant vision 6/6 in one eye and 6/9 in other, correctable to 6/6 only for Hypermetropia. Colour vision CPI Hypermetropia : +2.0 D Sph Manifest Myopia : Nil Retinoscopic Myopia : 0.5 in any Meridian permitted Astigmatism : + 0.75 D Cyl (within + 2.0 D.Max) Maddox Rod Test
(i) at 6 meters Exo6 prism D
Eso6 prism D
Hyper1 prism D
Hypro1 prism D
(ii) at 33 cms Exo16 prism D
Eso6 prism D
Hyper1 prism D
Hypo1 prism D
Hand held Stereoscope–All of BSV grades Convergence–Up to 10 cm Cover test for distant and near–Latent divergence/convergence recovery rapid and complete.
(a) “Candidates who have undergone PRK (Photo Refractive Keratotomy / Lasik (Laser in Situ Keratomileusis) may be considered fit for commissioning in the Air Force in all branches”. Candidates having undergone cataract surgery with or without IOL implants will also be declared unfit. Binocular vision must possess good binocular vision (fusion and stereopsis with good amplitude and depth).
(b) “Post PRK/Lasik candidates must meet the visual requirements required for the branch”.
(c) The following criteria must be satisfied prior to selecting postPRK/LASIK at the time of Air Force Medical Examination:
(i) LASIK surgery should not have been carried out before the age of 20 years.
(ii) The axial length of the eye should not be more than 25.5 mm as measured by IOL master.
(iii)At least 12 months should have elapsed post uncomplicated stable LASIK with no history or evidence of any complication.
(iv)The post LASIK corneal thickness as measured by a corneal pachymeter should not be less than 450 microns.
(v) Individual with high refractive errors (> 6D) prior to LASIK are to be excluded.
(vi)Radial Keratotomy (RK) surgery for correction of refractive errors is not permitted for any Air Force duties. Candidates having undergone cataract surgery with or without IOL implants will also be declared unfit.
(s) USG abdomen examination will be carried out and any congential structural anomaly or disease of the abdominal organs will be a cause for rejection in Armed Forces.
(t) The candidates should have sufficient number of natural and sound teeth. A minimum of 14 dental points will be acceptable. When 32 teeth are present, the total dental points are 22. A candidate should not be suffering from severe pyorrhoea.
(u) Routine ECG for Air Force candidates must be within normal limits.
(v) Physical conditioning : Prospective candidates are advised to keep themselves in good physical condition, by following the under mentioned routine :—
(a) Running 2.4 km in 15 minutes
(b) Skipping
(c) Pushups and sit ups (minimum 20 each)
(d) Chin ups (minimum 08)
(e) Rope climbing 34 metres.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SERVICES
 Army Officers and equivalent ranks in Air Force and Navy
(i) Fixed Stipend for Cadet Training:
Stipend to Gentlemen Cadets during the entire duration of training in Service academies i.e. during training period at IMA. Rs 56,100/ p.m.*
* On successful commissioning, the pay in the Pay matrix of the Officer commissioned shall be fixed in first Cell of Level 10 and the period of training shall not be treated as commissioned service and arrears on account of admissible allowances, as applicable, for the training period shall be paid to cadets.
(ii) Pay.
(a) Rank Pay Level (in Rs.)
Lt to Maj Lt – Level 10 (56,100 – 1,77,500)
Capt – Level 10 B (61,3001,93,900)
Maj – Level 11 (69,400 – 2,07,200)
Lt Col to Maj Gen Lt Col – Level 12A (1,21,200 – 2,12,400)
Col – Level 13 (1,30,6002,15,900)
Brig – Level 13A (1,39,6002,17,600)
Maj Gen – Level 14 (1,44,2002,18,200)
Lt Gen HAG Scale Level 15 (1, 82, 2002,24,100)
HAG+Scale Level 16 (2,05,400 – 2,24,400)
VCOAS/Ar my Cdr/ Lt Gen(NFSG) Level 17 (2,25,000/) (fixed)
COAS Level 18 (2,50,000/) (fixed)
(b) MSP to the officer is as follows:
Military Service Pay(MSP) to the officers from the rank of Lt to Brig Rs 15,500 p.m. fixed
(iii) QUALIFICATION PAY AND GRANT
(a) Qualification Grant Final order on the issue is yet to be issued by the Govt. Hence the information will be provided after receipt of Govt order on the issue.
(b) Qualification Pay : Pertaining to Indian Air Force.
(c) Flying allowance : The Army Aviators (Pilots) serving in the Army Aviation Corps are entitled to flying allowance as under:
Rank Level
Lt & above Level 10 and above Rs 25,000/ p.m. fixed
(iv) Other Allowances:
(a) Dearness Allowance Admissible at the same rates and under the same conditions as are
applicable to the civilian personnel from time to time.
(b) Kit maintenance allce Subsumed into the newly proposed Dress Allowance i.e. Rs 20,000/ per year
(c) Depending upon rank and area of posting, officer posted to Field Areas will be eligible for the following Field Area allces:
Rank Level HAFA Fd Area Allce Mod Fd Area Allce
Lt & above Level 10 and above 16900 10500 6300
(d) High Altitude Allowance
Rank Level CATI (PM) CATII (PM) CATIII (PM)
Lt & above Level 10 and above 3400 5300 25000
(e) Siachen Allowance Siachen Allowance will be Rs. 42,500/ per month.
(f) Uniform allowance. Subsumed into the newly proposed Dress Allowance i.e. Rs. 20,000/ per year.
(g) Transport Allce (TPTA).
Pay Level Higher TPTA Cities (Rs. Per month) Other Places (Rs. Per month)
9 and above Rs. 7200+DA thereon Rs. 3600+DA thereon
Note :
(i) Higher Tpt Cities (UA). Hyderabad, Patna, Delhi, Ahmadabad, Surat, Bengaluru, Kochi, Kozhikode, Indore, Greater Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Jaipur, Chennai, Coimbatore, Ghaziabad, Kanpur, Lucknow, Kolkata.
(ii) The allowance shall not be admissible to those service personnel who have been provided with the facility of Government transport
(iii) Officers in Pay Level 14 and above, who are entitled to use official car, will have the option to avail official car facility or to draw the TPTA at the rate of Rs. 15,750+DA thereon. (iv) The allowance will not be admissible for the calendar month(s) wholly covered by leave.
(iv) Physically disabled service personnel will continue to be paid at double rate, subject to a minimum of Rs. 2250 + DA.
(h) Children Education Allowance. Rs. 2250/ per month per child for two eldest surviving only. CEA is admissible from Nursery to 12th Class.
(i) Reimbursement should be done just once a year, after completion of the financial year (which for most schools coincides with the Academic year).
(ii) Certificate from the head of institution where the ward of government employee studies should be sufficient for this purpose. The certificate should confirm that the child studied in the school during the previous academic year.
In the case of allowances specific to Defence Forces, the rates of these allowances would be enhanced by 25% automatically each time the Dearness Allowance payable on the revised pay band goes up by 50% (GoI letter no. 1/(16)/2017/D(Pay/Services) dated 18 Sep 2017).
(i) The following monetary benefits are available to the Cadets (Direct)/NoKs in the event of invalidment on medical grounds/death of a Cadet (Direct) due to causes attributable to or aggravated by military training :
(I) IN CASE OF DISABLEMENT
(i) Monthly Exgratia amount of Rs. 9,000/ per month.
(ii) Exgratia disability award @ Rs. 16200/ per month shall be payable in addition for 100% of disability during period of disablement subject to prorate reduction in case the degree of disablement is less than 100%. No disability award shall be payable in cases where the degree of disablement is less than 20%.
(iii) Constant Attendant Allowance (CCA) @ Rs 6750/ per month for 100% disable on the recommendation of Invaliding Medical Board (IBM).
(II) IN CASE OF DEATH
(i) Exgratia amount of Rs. 12.5 lakhs to the NoK.
(ii) The Exgratia amount of Rs. 9000/ per month to the NoK.
(iii) The Exgratia awards to Cadets (Direct) / NoK, shall be sanctioned purely on exgratia basis and the same shall not be treated as pension for any purpose. However, dearness relief at applicable rates shall be granted on monthly exgratia as well as exgratia disability award.
12.
(a) Army Group Insurance Fund is a compulsory contributory group scheme, which provides insurance cover for Rs. 15 Lakh on payment of one time non refundable premium of Rs. 6400/ for 3 years paid in advance in lump sum by the cadets including Naval and Air Force Cadets of NDA from the date of joining of Precommissioning training till completion of training at NDA. In case of relegation, an additional premium of Rs. 1,160/ per relegated term will be paid immediately on occurrence. For those who are invalided out from NDA by IMB on account of disability and not entitled to any pension will be provided Rs.7.5 lakhs for 100 per cent disability. This will be proportionately reduced to Rs 1.5 lakhs for 20 per cent disability. However, for less than 20 per cent disability, only an ExGratia Grant of Rs. 50,000/ for initial year of training and Rs. 1 lakh during the last year of training will be paid. Disability due to alcoholism, drug addiction and due to the diseases of preenrolment origin will not qualify for disability benefit and ExGratia Grant. In addition, a Cadet withdrawn on disciplinary grounds, expelled as an undesirable or voluntarily leaving the Academy will also not be eligible for disability benefits and ExGratia.
(b) At IMA when in receipt of stipend, the Gentlemen Cadets are provided insurance cover of Rs. 75 lakh with a monthly contribution of Rs. 5,000/ w.e.f. 01 October, 2016 as per maint AGI scheme as applicable to regular officers. Those who are invalidated out from IMA by IMB on account of disability and not entitled to any pension will be provided Rs. 25 Lakhs for 100 per cent disability. This will be proportionately reduced to Rs. 5 lakhs for 20 per cent disability. However, for less than 20% disability, only an ExGratia Grant of Rs. 50,000/ for initial year of training and Rs 1 lakh during the last year of training will be paid. Disability due to alcoholism, drug addiction and due to the diseases of preenrolment origin will not qualify for disability benefit and ExGratia Grant. In addition, Gentlemen cadets withdrawn on disciplinary grounds, expelled as an undesirable or voluntarily leaving the Academy will also not be eligible for disability benefits and ExGratia.
 PROMOTIONAL AVENUES:
S.No. Army Navy Air Force Minimum Reckonable Commissioned Service
required for Substantive Promotion
(a) Lieutenant Sub Lieutenant Flying Officer On Commission
(b) Captain Lieutenant Flight Lieutenant 02 Years
(c) Major Lt. Commander Squadron Leader 06 years
(d) Lt Colonel Commander Wing Commander 13 years
(e) Colonel(Selection) Captain (Selection) Group Captain (Selection) On Selection
(f) Colonel (Time Scale) Captain (Time Scale) Group Captain (Time Scale) 26 years
(g) Brigadier Commodore Air Commodore On Selection
(h) Major General Rear Admiral Air Vice Marshal On Selection
(i) Lt General Vice Admiral Air Marshal On Selection
(j) General Admiral Air Chief Marshal On Selection
 RETIREMENT BENEFITS
Pension, gratuity and casualty pensionary award will be admissible in accordance with the rules in force from time to time.
 LEAVE.
Leave will be admissible in accordance with the rules in force from time to time.